Yoruba is particularly popular with African Americans, many of whom
say it offers a spiritual path and a deep sense of cultural belonging.
Wesley Hurt is one of them. Hurt’s Yoruba story begins the night he met his wife, Cheri Profit.
It was nearly eight years ago, not long after a tour in Iraq. He had
just gotten off for weekend release from an Army base in
“And the only thing I had on my mind, ‘Man, I want to go have a good
time. Put on my nice clothes, get fresh, and just go do it!’” he says.
He and some friends went to a club, where he saw Profit. Hurt tried to meet her eyes, but she wasn’t really having it.
“I figured he was probably here looking for someone to have some fun with, which a lot of the soldiers are,” Profit says.
She tried to walk on by. But he caught her by the hand, bought her a drink, and not long after, Hurt and Profit were a couple.
They bonded quickly — over food, politics, and religion. These two
seekers were constantly rethinking their relationships to the divine.
“With my mother, we were Jehova’s Witness, we were Seventh Day
Adventist, we were Pentecostal,” Profit says. “It did not work for me.”
“I’ve been a Southern Baptist all my life — for up to 21 years,” Hurt
says. “And a lot of things have brought me to try to find my spirit.
So, of course you start off in church asking questions, and I didn’t get
the answers that I wanted.”
So Hurt, a 32-year old Atlanta native, started exploring. First
Judaism, then Islam. He was looking for something that spoke to his
spirit and to his blackness.
About two years ago, he found a home in one of Yoruba’s esoteric branches, called Ifa (ee-FAH’).
“What brought me to Ifa was how close this tradition is linked to us as African Americans in this country,” he explains.
You’ll hear stories like his a lot from black Americans who practice
Yoruba traditions today. From those newer to the faith, and from the
elders — especially the ones who were in New York City in the late
1950s. That’s when African American Yoruba communities began to grow
alongside a surging black nationalist movement.
For several decades, the religious tradition spread down the East
Coast, and westward, to Chicago, to Oakland and Los Angeles — and to the
Seattle area, where Hurt met an Ifa priest named
Hurt, Profit, and a group of about a dozen other believers worship in
a circle on the carpeted floor in Ifagbemi’s bare bones dining room.
The priest sits with them, shifting between English and the Yoruba
language as he leads them through an Ifa ritual.
Entering A Sacred Relationship
Ifagbemi’s path has been a lot like Hurt and Profit’s. A black
American, born in Topeka, raised in a Christian home. He embraced Ifa as
a young adult, and later initiated into the priesthood.
For nearly four years, he has headed this small group of devotees.
“When you enter into this stuff, you enter into a sacred relationship
with people that you’re working with,” Ifagbemi says. “I think it’s
Ifagbemi runs the group mostly from his apartment, where he has
converted one of the carpeted bedrooms into a sacred space full of
shrines to the gods of Yoruba’s pantheon, spirits called
There’s a long table covered with pure white cloth, and spread with sliced watermelon, bananas and gin — gifts to the divine.
Along with a life of worship, Ifagbemi says part of his job as a
full-time priest is to help people adapt this ancient religion to a
modern, American reality.
“We’re not African anymore!” he says. “I need to emphasize to a lot
of African Americans: Yes, this is an African tradition, yes we want to
connect with our roots. But our roots are here, too.”
It’s a lesson he’s been impressing on Hurt and Profit. Ifa’s tenets
resonate with them: good character, respect for elders. Plus, there’s an
element of homecoming in the ways this African faith speaks to them as
But it was different for Profit in the early days, when her husband introduced her to Ifa.
“Initially — I’m not gonna lie — I was a little hesitant at first,”
she says. “It was just the general notion, ‘You shouldn’t do that!’”
That hesitation happens to a lot of people like Profit and Hurt who
were once Christians. With Yoruba’s shrines and statues, with
worshippers going into trance states, some newcomers admit that the
African traditions might disturb the folks at church back home.
What helped calm Profit’s worries was a ceremony where the faith came alive for her.
“They had the drums going, and the ladies were up dancing, and after a
while, I was, ‘Hey!’ ‘Cause I was feeling it! I got up, I danced, I was
dancing — me and the other women. It felt good. I’ve never experienced
that in church, and I’ve been to church many, many times.”
Affirming Racial Identities In The New World
Tracey Hucks, chair of the religion department at Haverford College,
says that blacks in America have been drawn to Yoruba for more than a
half century because it offers them an ancient spiritual heritage, one
that pre-dates slavery in the United States.
“For so many African Americans, this tradition has been a space of freedom, and a space of home,” Hucks says.
At the same time, she adds, it helps them affirm their racial identities in this new world.
“And it also allows them to affirm their black physicality, in a
place that has said that, ‘You represent anti-beauty in this culture,’”
she says. “It is this religion that comes and says, ‘No, you look like
the gods of Africa.’”
Doing rituals for those gods, dancing for them, and fellowship with her community. Profit says Ifa just feels right to her.
“It gives you a sense of purpose, and when you feel that, there’s no
other feeling like that in the world,” she says. “When you feel that,
Her husband, who had been searching for years for spiritual answers, has found his place, too.
“First, I was looking for God, but then I started finding myself,”
Hurt explains. “And in finding myself, I started bettering myself.”
Ifagbemi’s congregation, seated together in the priest’s apartment
for an intimate ritual, are all on paths a lot like Hurt’s. They’re
trusting Ifagbemi as their guide.
To close the ceremony, he shakes a rattle and calls, and everyone
responds with Yoruba’s most ubiquitous blessing: “Ase” (AH’-shay). It’s
like saying “amen.”
For the young couple with ties down South, for the Ifa priest from
Kansas, and for his small flock near Seattle — so far away from Ifa’s
West African roots — this old tradition has given its followers a
Funding for this story came from a Knight Grant for Reporting on
Religion and American Public Life, a program of the University of